Mental Toughness Concept & Questionnaire
The Benefits of using the Mental Toughness Concept and Questionnaire within Individual and Organisational Development
Background and Introduction
Mental Toughness describes the mindset that every person adopts in everything they do. It is closely related to qualities such as character, resilience, grit, etc. It is defined as:
“A personality trait which determines, in large part, how people respond to challenge, stress and pressure, irrespective of their circumstances”.
Published research and case studies from around the world show that Mental Toughness is a major factor in:
It is important in applications in virtually every sector. In the world of work, it is key for leadership and staff development – particularly within change programmes – as well as in talent management programmes. It is also widely used for developing young people in education and in youth work.
Research carried out under the direction of Professor Peter Clough of Huddersfield University has identified the four key components (constructs) of Mental Toughness. These are called the 4 Cs.
Mental Toughness Scale
What does MTQ48 assess
Life Control – I really believe I can do it
Emotional Control – I can manage my emotions and the emotions of others
Goal Orientation – I set goals – I like the idea of working toward goals
Achievement Orientation – I’ll do what it takes to keep my promises and achieve my goals
Risk Orientation – I welcome new and different experiences – I stretch myself
Learning Orientation – I learn from what happens – including setbacks
In Abilities – I believe I have the ability to do it – or can acquire the ability
Interpersonal Confidence – I can influence others – I can stand my ground if needed
We are also able to assess mental toughness in terms of these components in individuals and groups through a range of unique high-quality psychometric measures in the MTQ product family. They are normative which enables users to assess mental toughness before and after an event such as a training & development or coaching programme. Importantly this means that we can evaluate the effectiveness of programmes in a valuable way. If we can see a change in mindset we can more confidently expect to see changes in behaviour.
Assessment of Individuals before a program begins
The reason for this can often be found in mindset and in particular the 8 factors. Different factors will apply to each individual.
Being able to assess this prior to an event is extremely valuable. Most concerns and issues can be addressed before a program which can improve significantly its success rate. Individuals often find this valuable too. Enabling them to welcome training and not fear it can be very motivating.
Incorporation into Programs
The Concept has a great deal of value as a component of many Development Programs. These include:
Resilience and positivity are key requirements in leadership
understanding how Mentally Tough and mentally Sensitive Individuals can work together